Ansell, S. (2011). Issues A-Z: Achievement gap (web). Retrieved from

Cook, L. (2015, January 28). U.S. Education: Still Separate and Unequal. U.S. News and World Report, p. 1. Retrieved from

Esposito, S. (2015, June 30). Meeks: Student ‘Achievement Gap’ is Persistent Problem. Chicago Sun Times, p. 1. Retrieved from

Halikias, D. & Reeves, R. (2017). Race gaps in SAT scores highlight inequality and hinder upward mobility (web). Retrieved from

Masterson, M. (2017, March 2). Urban League Research Highlights Ongoing Racial Disparity in Education. WTTW, p. 1. Retrieved from

Shelton, J. (2015). We already know how to close the achievement gap. Education Week 35(6), 19. Retrieved from

Sparks, S.D. (2016). Study: Most school districts have achievement gaps. Education Week, 35(30), 12-13. Retrieved from


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Principles of Organizing and Education

Dewey, J. (1927). The Collected Works of John Dewey, 1882-1953. Retrieved from

Horton, M. & Freire, P. (1990). We Make the Road by Walking. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Payne, C. (1989). Ella Baker and Models of Social Change. Signs: The University of Chicago Press Journals, 14(4), 885-899. Retrieved from 

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Practitioner Articles

Gewertz, C. (2017). The challenge of creating schools that ‘work for everybody’. Education Week, 36, 24 – 25. Retrieved from

Kalam, R.R. (2017). Black teachers matter. School integration doesn’t. Education Week, 3612 – 14. Retrieved from

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Peer-Reviewed Articles

Hartney, M. T., Flavin, P. (2014). The political foundations of the black-white education achievement gap. American Politics Research, 42, 3-33. doi: 10.1177/1532673X13482967

Hanselman, P., Bruch, S.K., Gamoran, A.m & Borman, G.D. (2014). Threat in context: school moderation of the impact of social identity threat on racial/ethnic achievement gaps. Sociology of Education, 87, 106 – 124. doi: 10.1177/0038040714525970

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Grassroots Organizing Efforts

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Grassroots Organizations (Images)










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