Sources & Citations


Beasley, W. The Meiji RestorationGoogle Books. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press, 1972.

Busch, Noel Fairchild. Two Minutes to NoonHathi Trust Digital Library. New York City, NY: Simon & Schuster, 1962.$b83426&view=1up&seq=93&q1=Honjo.

Denawa, Mai. “Behind the Accounts of the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923.” The Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923. Brown University Library, 2005.

Hayashi, Yuka. “Anti-Korean Voices Grow in Japan.” The Wall Street Journal, May 16, 2013.

“Historian Releases Photos of Japanese Post-Quake Massacre.” The Korea Herald, February 3, 2013.

Hunter, Janet. “”Extreme Confusion and Disorder”? The Japanese Economy in the Great Kantō Earthquake of 1923.” The Journal of Asian Studies 73, no. 3 (2014): 753-73. Accessed November 18, 2020.

Ishizuka , Hiromichi. The Slum Dwellings and Urban Renewal Scheme in Tokyo 1868-1923Ide-Jetro. Tokyo, Japan: United Nations University, 1979.

Kengelbacher, Peter. “Photographs by August Kengelbacher.” Great Kanto Earthquake 1923. Schauwecker’s Guide to Japan. Accessed December 19, 2020.

“Prefecture Populations in 1920 and Today.”, May 30, 2020.

Schencking, J. Charles. “The Great Kanto Earthquake and the Culture of Catastrophe and Reconstruction in 1920s Japan.” Journal of Japanese Studies 34, no. 2 (2008): 295-331. Accessed December 18, 2020.

Schencking , J Charles. The Great Kantō Earthquake and the Chimera of National Reconstruction in JapanGoogle Books. New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 2013. (A)ō+gyōsei&source=bl&ots=IZvomwhO9h&sig=ACfU3U2x6kZPld6fO_sCsKqOZ3KBoNgg_w&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjPrt2mpsXtAhUCmVkKHZrhBREQ6AEwBHoECAYQAg#v=onepage&q&f=false.

Schencking, J Charles. “The Earthquake and Fires.” The Great Kantō University of Hong Kong, 2013. (B)

Silver, Caleb. “The Top 20 Economies in the World.” Investopedia. Dotdash Publishing, September 18, 2020.

Smithsonian Channel. “This 1923 Weather Phenomenon Killed Thousands in Minutes.” YouTube. YouTube, December 18, 2014.

Taylor, Alan. “1923 Kanto Earthquake: Echoes From Japan’s Past,” March 15, 2011.

“The Next Big One: Government Map Forecasts Likely Future Japanese Earthquakes.” Nippon Communications Foundation, May 30, 2020.