With thanks to Kesley Gallagher for sharing her bibliography, which serves as the foundation for this one.

Background Reading

Sarah Burns, Inventing the Modern Artist: Art and Culture in Gilded Age America (Yale UP, 1996

David Lubin, Picturing a Nation: Art and Social Change in Nineteenth-Century America, (New Haven, 1994)

Nancy Rose Marshall, City of Gold and Mud: Painting Victorian London (Yale UP, 2012)

Lynda Nead, Victorian Babylon: People, Streets and Images in Nineteenth-Century London (Yale UP, 2000),

Anna Gruetzner Robins, A Fragile Modernism: Whistler and His Impressionist Followers (Yale UP, 2007)

Georg Simmel, ‘The Metropolis and Mental Life’ (1903), in Bridge and Watson, eds, The Blackwell City Reader


Camden Town Group

Wendy Baron, Perfect Moderns: A History of the Camden Town Group (Ashgate, 1999)

‘The Camden Town Group in Context’, Tate

Robert Upstone, ed, Modern Painters: The Camden Town Group, exhib cat (Tate, 2008)

Charles Harrison, English Art and Modernism, 1900-1939 (Allen Lane/ Indiana UP, 1981), Chapter 2

Walter Sickert

David Peters Corbett, ‘“Gross Material Facts”: Sexuality, Identity and the City in Walter Sickert’, Art History, 21:1 (March 1998), 45-64

Anna Gruetzner Robins, Walter Sickert: Drawings, Theory and Practice; Word and Image (1996), 34-75

Anna Gruetzer Robins, Walter Sickert: The Complete Writings on Art (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).

Lisa Tickner, ‘Walter Sickert: The Camden Town Murder and Tabloid Crime’, in Modern Life and Modern Subjects (2000), 11-47

Walter Sickert: The Complete Writings on Art, ed Anna Gruetzner Robins (Oxford, 2000)

Barnaby Wright (ed.), Walter Sickert: The Camden Town Nudes (2007)

Spencer Gore

Ysanne Holt, ‘An Ideal Modernity: Spencer Gore at Letchworth’, in The Geographies of Englishness: Landscape and the National Past, 1880-1940, eds, David Peters Corbett, Ysanne Holt and Fiona Russell (Yale UP, 2002)


Ashcan School

Alexis L. Boylan, Ashcan Art, Whiteness and the Unspectacular Man (Bloomsbury, 2017).

David Peters Corbett, An American Experiment: George Bellows and the Ashcan Painters (National Gallery, London / Yale UP, 2011)

Joanne Mancini, ‘“One Term is as Fatuous as Another”: Responses to the Armory Show Reconsidered’, American Quarterly, 51:4 (1999)

Rebecca Zurier, et al, Metropolitan Lives: The Ashcan Artists and their New York (W. W. Norton, 1995).

Rebecca Zurier, Picturing the City: Urban Vision and the Ashcan School (University of California Press, 2006)

George Bellows

Martin Berger, “George Bellows and the Complications of Race,” in George Bellows Revisited, ed. M. Melissa Wolfe (2016)

Charles Brock, ed., George Bellows, exhib. cat (National Gallery, Washington DC, 2012)

Marianne Doezema, George Bellows and Urban America (Yale UP, 1992), Chapter 2

John Fagg, On the Cusp: Stephen Crane, George Bellows, and Modernism (University of Alabama Press, 2009)

Robert Haywood, ‘George Bellows’s Stag at Sharkey’s: Boxing, Violence and Male Identity’, Smithsonian Studies in American Art, 2:2 (Spring 1988): 2-15

Sarah Newman, “George Bellows’s New York and the Spectacular Reality of the City”, American Art, 18:3 (September 2004): 92-99

Melissa Wolfe, ed., George Bellows Revisited: New Considerations of the Painter’s Oeuvre (Cambridge Scolars Press, 2016)

Edward W. Wolner, ‘George Bellows, Georg Simmel and Modernizing New York’, American Art, 29:1 (Spring 2015): 106-121

Theresa Bernstein

Patricia M. Burnham, “Theresa Bernstein,” Woman’s Art Journal 9/2 (Autumn 1988-Winter 1989): 22-7.

Gail Levin, Theresa Bernstein: A Century in Art, (2013)

Robert Henri

Robert Henri, The Art Spirit [1923] (Cambridge MA, 2007)

William Glackens

Richard Wattennmaker, “William Glackens’ Beach Scenes at Bellport,” Smithsonian Studies in American Art 2/2 (Spring 1988): 74-94.

John Sloan

Heather Campbell Coyle, et al, John Sloan’s New York, exhib cat (Yale UP, 2007)

Michael Lobel, John Sloan: Drawing on Illustration (Yale UP, 2014), Chapters 2 and 4

John Sloan, The Gist of Art

John Sloan Manuscript Collection, Delaware Art Museum

Nick Yablon, ‘John Sloan and “The Roof Life of the Metropolis”’, American Art, 25:2 (Summer 2011): 14-17

Everett Shinn

Sylvia L. Yount, ‘Consuming Drama: Everett Shinn and the Spectacular City’, American Art, 6:4 (October 1992): 86-109


Comparative and Thematic

David Peters Corbett, ‘Camden Town and Ashcan: Difference, Similarity and the “Anglo-American” in the Work of Walter Sickert and John Sloan’, Art History, 34:4 (September 2011): 774-795.

Nicholas Mirzoeff, “Visualizing the Anthropocene,” Public Culture 26.2 (2014): 213-32.

Margaret Stenz, “Notes on the Ethnic Image in Ashcan School Painting” in Part Four (Spring 1999)

Maria Quirk, Women, Art and Money in Late Victorian and Edwardian England: The Hustle and the Scramble (Bloomsbury, 2019).