Author Archives: mclipson

Grace Clipson Summary of Hoffmann et al

#TheFinding: U-Th dating in 3 caves in Spain show there was cave ? before modern humans in Europe, which implies Neandertal origin

#TheImplication: Neandertals w/ vivid symbolic behavior (meaningful placement of ✋ stencils) that was well-rooted (Ardales ? over 25 ka)

#TheFuture: 1) Perhaps more Neandertal ? & ancient non-Neandertal symbolic behavior 2) Re-evaluation of transitional tech industries