Hoffman, et al. (2018) Neanderthal Art Tweets

U-Th dating method gives precise age constraints for ancient cave art, giving us a better idea about our early beginnings #tiredoftrumptalk

Haters don’t think Neanderthals were capable of making abstract and symbolic art, but it WASN’T just transitional #smh #cavemenwerewokeaf

Neanderthals were makin dots & disks in La Pasiega, Maltravieso, and Ardales more than 20ka before the arrival of humans #therealrenaissance

Hoffmann et al. 2018

Red painted hand stencils and patterns on cave walls in Spain have been U-Th dated to 64+ thousand years ago. #PrePicasso#FridgeFingerpaints

Modern humans didn’t arrive in Europe until 20 thousand years later, suggesting that Neanderthals created these artworks.#CavemanHighCulture

Neanderthal authorship of symbolic art shows a history of premeditated creation & proves that that humans weren’t the 1st artistic species.

Hoffman Tweets

Thought art was only for Homo Sapiens? Uranium-thorium dating in Spain tells a different story #lookunderthesurface #howoldisthatpaint ?‍?

Humans arrive in Iberia 45k yrs ago? Caves have ✋ ? 〰️ markings from 65k yrs ago… did Neanderthal fashion inspire art?? ??

This is proof of symbolic thinking and creativity in ?NOT? homo sapiens, were Neanderthals really so different from us?? ?

Hoffman et al Summary Tweets

U-Th dating confirms Spanish cave paintings as oldest in the world, created by Neanderthals in Europe 20KYr before Homo sapiens #ArchaeoArt

65 KYr Neanderthal cave art ends debate that cultural modernity + symbolism seen only in early humans #culturedneanderthals #caughtredhanded

New U-Th dating of crusts on #paleopaintings in 3 Spanish caves gives high accuracy age ranges of cave art, methods for future studies

Downey et al. James O’Shea

Socioecological systems verging on catastrophic regime shift show statistically detectable early warning signs of resiliency loss and pop. 

Interactions between fast human demographic cycles from new agricultural techniques and slower ecological recovery cycles lead to collapse

Cyclical nature of neolithic humans may provide information on humans today and vice versa, allee effect and sunk costs can slow recovery


Hoffmann et al Tweets (Assignment #2)

Tweet 1:

Modern Humans no longer the only #masterartists of the #symbolicart movement #deliberateart #noaccident  #abstractsymbols #handprints #redpaint #linearmotifs

Tweet 2:

Neandertals=  #PALEOPICASSOS. The proof was #paintedonthewalls in 3 cave sites in Spain. #plottwist to origin of human symbolism.

Tweet 3:

#NEWTECHNOLOGY #U-THDating  d8 cave art 64.8 kya. Pred8s modern human arrival 2 Europe @ 25kya.  #NeandertalArt #carboncrusts #DatingNotDestruction

Uh -Dating in Spain #GroundBreaking

Tweet #1:

U-Th dating shows accurate dates without damaging the artwork as it measures associated carbonates, not the art itself #MoversAnd Shakers #Technology

Tweet #2:

This technique has been used in 3️⃣ areas of ?? proving the artwork was created while the land was inhabited by Neanderthals.

Tweet #3:

Artwork was deliberately placed, proving Neanderthals had a ⬆ level of ? than previously believed #WOW

Neolithic transition in Europe

Archaeological evidence= hunter gathers in Near East became 1st ??‍? 13-11 cal ka. Lived in floodplains near ⚫️ ? to avoid drought.

Radiocarbon dating molluscs= 8350-8230 cal yr Laurentide ice sheet melts➡️ raises sea level 1.4m➡️ floods ⚫️? and moves palaeoshoreline

Modeling shows it displaced est. 145k??‍?,  ??‍?move from flooding➡farming spreads NW throughout Europe ➡ Neolithic in Europe #abruptexpansion

U-Th dating tweets

Tweet 1:



Tweet 2:

La Pasiega: Minimum age 64.8 Kya

Maltravieso : minimum age 66.7 Kya

Ardales: minimum age 65.5 Kya

Modern Humans in Europe: 45-40 Kya


Tweet 3:

This shines ? on??arguments that Neanderthals were copying modern humans in Châtelperronian?❌ #ProofIsInThePudding #MindBlown #Evolution

Turney and Brown – Catastrophic early Holocene sea level rise, human migration and the Neolithic transition in Europe

Tweet 1

The transition from human ?‍♂️ to Neolithic ?‍? ?‍? was expedited by the Laurentide ❄ Sheet collapse between 8740 and 8160 years ago

Tweet 2

To determine the ? level , ☠ mollusks on the continental shelf within the ⚫ ? were compared to ☠ mollusks above the shoreline

Tweet 3

Post rise of the ⚫? (8.3-8.2 cal ka BP), ??? expansion spiked from ➡ ?? to ⬅ ??, and ⛈? change had minor effect on ??? expansion