Author Archives: tleddy

Leddy, Hoffmann et al. Summary

New evidence implies symbolic behavior of Neandertals in form of cave art, previously attributed only to modern humans.

U-Th dating of overlying carbonate precipitates from 3 sites in ?? place art @ ~65ka minimum… ~20ka before modern humans arrived in Europe.

Location, placement & technique of art implies premeditation and symbolic behavior of Neandertals independent of modern human influence.